Heating is basically maintaining a comfortable temperature in the environments.
- Boiler systems with radiators for water or steam.
- Radiant floor systems.
- Heat pump systems.
- Thermoelectric emissors.
- Gas heaters (balanced draft systems)
- Radiant tube
- Furnaces (generators of warm air)
The most used system is the boiler with water radiators.
Aspects to bear in mind before buying:
Before deciding one of the multiple systems that exist on the market, it is necessary to know what are the specific needs of each home and each family.
It is important to take into consideration the climatic zone where the house is located.
The second aspect to bear in mind is to analyze the characteristics of the home and of the family who will live in it. It is fundamental to know the exact surface to heat, the orientation, the use, and the possibility to heat the entire home or partially. Also, it is important to consider the space available for the installation of the heating system and if it is desired allow for domestic hot water.
Also, it is necessary to know what is the possible source of energy.
BOILER SYSTEM WITH WATER RADIATORS
This is the system that is most widely used in homes and can be used with three different types of combustion: natural gas, GLP and Diesel. The natural gas boiler is preferred. In areas where natural gas, is not available, GLP, diesel and electrical boilers are used.
Liquid gas (GLP) which has a some higher caloric power than natural gas and is similar to diesel, can be stored in the exterior of the house in different ways, in small containers, or in deposits or stationary tanks.
FLOOR RADIANT HEAT
This system is considered one of the most comfortable although it is not recommended for all types of homes. It consists in the installation of tubes below the floor slab (they can also be installed in the ceiling or walls) permitting the heat to radiate uniformly through the rooms of the house.
One of the advantages of radiant floor heat is that avoids the installation of radiators throughout the house, gaining some floor space.
This system does present some inconvenience as it is slow in heating the areas because of the thermic inertia and requires between two and three hours to reach the desired temperature. For this reason it is recommended for homes that use heating for long hours or permanently.
Most of the air conditioning systems include heat pumps which operate with a reversible circuit which adapts to the needs of winter or summer. The heat pumps takes the outdoor air, it filters the air, and returns it to the warm or cold environment, maintaining a constant temperature in the home. The energy consumption is quite low. The COP (Coefficient of performance) is quite high especially in the heating cycle, because of each electric KW of consumption can generate 2.8 KW to 4.0 KW of thermal energy.
These are electrical radiators that contain diathermic oil that is heated by an encapsulated electric resistance. This system permits a heating installation with very little civil work.
To maintain a constant temperature, they use a thermostat and a programmer to switch on and off automatically.
BALANCED DRAFT HEATERS WITH THERMOSTATS (GN/GLP)
This is a modern and safe system of individual and very comfortable heating. If does not produce any type of contamination. They are easy to install and are suitable for any type of environment including bathrooms and bedrooms.
- Available in models of 2000, 3000 and 5000 kcal/h.
- Degree regulation maintaining a constant selected temperature, independent of the exterior climatic changes.
- External sensor bulb measurement system is located on the outside of the heater that regulates the power to maintain a constant desired temperature in the environment.
The sealed gas chamber assures a safe functioning maintaining separate the hot air of the combustion gases which are eliminated on the outside. The fresh outside air feeds the constant combustion.
All of the heaters are endowed with a security valve which closes the gas supply to the heater in case the burner or pilot flame, are turned off or due a gas fault.
Each heater is provided with an accessory which will be installed on the wall to simplify the installation of the ventilation system. The exterior ventilation pipeline is made of aluminum to prevent corrosion. The modern design is appropriate for any type of wall covering.
RADIANT TUBE HEATER WITH GAS BURNERS
This heater is suitable for large rooms where there is a large volume of air. It has the same principle as the solar radiation.
The heater is composed of:
A long flame gas burner which is pressurized by a ventilator. The flame produced is conducted through a steel tube of black painted termination on the surface.Total security is guaranteed by a double effect with flame control and a malfunction detector. These safety elements are stored in the cabinet. The radiation emission is increased by a brilliant mirror surface. The control of the temperature is regulated by a wall thermostat.
TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF RADIANT TUBE HEATER
Thermal capacity between 12000 and 20.000 Kcal/h
Burner over pressurized
Height of installation: 2 to 4 meters
Combustion: Natural gas and/or liquid propane gas (LPG
Surface: Stainless steel